Pink Fire Pointer Pharmaceutical Drugs and our Health

Pharmaceutical Drugs and our Health

As science and technology developed, medicine became more addicted to drugs or medication, which can be loosely defined as chemicals for use in medical diagnosis, cure, treatment or prevention of disease. Throughout history and in Europe right until the late 18th Century, not only animal and plant used as medicine, but also parts of the body and human fluids.

Pharmacology is the branch of medicine and biology, the study of the effect of drugs, where a drug commonly known as any natural or synthetic molecule endogenous (within the cell), the biochemical and / or practices are defined physiological cell, tissue, organ or organism from Herbalism ("herbal medicine"), developed the study and use of medicinal plants. Today, many still plant drugs (atropine, ephedrine, warfarin, aspirin (also known as "aspirin, salicylate drug, often used as an analgesic to relieve minor aches and pains known for, as an antipyretic to reduce fever, and as an anti-inflammatory drug ), digoxin, vinca alkaloids, taxol, hyoscine, etc.)

Vaccines were discovered by Edward Jenner, an English physician and researcher at Berkeley in Gloucestershire, which was the pioneer of vaccination against smallpox and Louis Pasteur, French chemist and microbiologist who was one of the main founders of the, Medical Microbiology.

The first antibiotic was arsphenamine / Salvarsan, which is also known as "compound 606" known to be a drug that was introduced in the early 1910s as the first effective treatment for syphilis, and was also used to trypanosomiasis discovered in 1908 to be treated, Paul Ehrlich, a German physician and scientist. in the field of hematology, immunology and chemotherapy, having observed that bacteria toxic dyes that human cells have not worked

The first major class of antibiotics, is a compound or substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria, sulfonamides ("sulfonamide"), on the basis of several groups of drugs, which are derived originally from German chemists from azo colorants - are "azo" compounds with the functional group RN = NR ', wherein R and R' can be either alkyl or aryl.

Pharmacology increasingly sophisticated, modern biotechnology ("biotech") to develop a rule, the use of living systems and organizations or accepted into useful products can, drugs on certain physiological processes are developed specifically, sometimes for compatibility with the body to side effects make reduce medicine, a side effect is an effect that whether therapeutic or advertisement, which is determined with a secondary, although the term is used, in particular in order to describe the side-effects, it can also be advantageous to apply, but for the consequences of the use of a drug.

Genomics, genetics discipline with regard to the study of the genomes of organisms and of human genetics is the study of heredity, as it appears in humans, have some influence on medicine. Genes, molecular unit of inheritance of a living organism, most monogenic genetic diseases, diseases, identified by abnormalities in genes or chromosomes, in particular, a condition that caused the present from before birth now. The development of molecular biology techniques to influence the branch of biology, the molecular basis of biological activity and medical genetics studies, practice and decision-making.

Evidence-based medicine ("EBM"), sometimes referred to as evidence-based health care or "EHBC" extend its application to allied health professionals, defined as "the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients" is a contemporary movement to establish the effective algorithms in mathematics and computer science, an evolutionary approach for the calculations of practice (ways of doing things). It is assessed through the use of systematic reviews, a literature search based on identifying a research question, to select and synthesize focused the results of high quality research attempts on this issue, and meta-analysis in the statistics refers to methods of contrasting and combining the results of different studies in the hope of identifying patterns results of the study, the sources of disagreement between the results or other interesting relationships that could be demonstrated in several studies.

The movement is facilitated by modern science of global information / studies, an interdisciplinary field primarily on the analysis, collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information, so far as to collect the available evidence as possible and to standard protocols that will be analyzed and disseminated to healthcare providers. The Cochrane Collaboration, an independent non-profit group of more than 28,000 volunteers in over 100 countries, conducts this movement. A 2001 review of 160 Cochrane systematic reviews revealed that completed by the readers of the towing, 21.3% of the opinion concluded that there was insufficient evidence, 20% have made no indication, and 22.5% positive effect.